About the CVO

The College of Veterinarians of Ontario (CVO) protects and serves the public interest through regulating the practice of veterinary medicine.

Ontario’s veterinarians have the knowledge, skills and judgment to regulate themselves and their profession through the College. The CVO is the self-governing body for veterinarians in Ontario. The CVO, led by a Council of 13 veterinarians, regulates the practice of veterinary medicine in Ontario to protect the public interest. Self-regulation for a profession means two things. One, veterinarians are involved in determining the rules that govern the profession (ie. they are members of Council), and two, veterinarians are accountable for their own behaviour (ie. they are accountable to self-regulate) with the College providing assistance and oversight.

Although the CVO is called a college, it is not a school. Regulatory colleges exist in Ontario to protect the public right to safe, competent and ethical care. Each college accomplishes this by holding its licensed, registered professionals accountable for their conduct and practice.

The role and authority of the College is established in the Veterinarians Act, 1989 and the regulations made under this legislation.

  • licenses veterinarians
  • inspects & accredits veterinary facilities
  • develops and administers quality assurance programs that members are required to complete for their continued professional development
  • establishes and maintains professional and ethical standards of practice
  • provides a complaint, investigation and discipline process for situations when the standards have not been met

The veterinary profession in Ontario has been regulated since 1874 and is financed primarily by the licence fees of veterinarians in Ontario.